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What is Dyslexia?

YouTube clip: 'See dyslexia differently'

Dyslexia can be described as a continuum of difficulties in learning to:

  • read,
  • write
  • and/or spell.

This persists despite the provision of appropriate learning opportunities.

These difficulties often do not reflect an individual's cognitive abilities and may not be typical of performance in other areas.

Dyslexia exists in all cultures and across the range of abilities and socio-economic backgrounds. It is a hereditary, life-long, neurodevelopmental condition.


Unidentified, dyslexia is likely to result in:

  • low self esteem,
  • high stress,
  • atypical behaviour,
  • and low achievement.

Learners with dyslexia will benefit from early identification, appropriate intervention and targeted effective teaching, enabling them to become:

  • successful learners,
  • confident individuals,
  • effective contributors
  • and responsible citizens.

The above working definition of dyslexia has been developed by the Scottish Government, Dyslexia Scotland and the Cross Party Group on Dyslexia in the Scottish Parliament.